Should Daylight Savings Continue to be Observed?

Averi Carlson, Contributor

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Two times a year, American citizens in fifty-eight states and several countries around the world must change their clocks by an hour. This event of turning the clocks marking the beginning and end of daylight savings. 

The idea of daylight savings was created by Benjamin Franklin. He recognized that the amount of light in the afternoon decreased throughout the year. To solve this problem, he “proposed advancing clocks 20 minutes on each of the four Sundays in April, and rewarding them by the same amount on four Sundays in September.” The plan was later carried out by a New Zealand entomologist George Vernon Hudson. In future years the time would be changed by an hour instead of twenty minutes. 

Many countries started using daylight savings in 1966, and some continue to this day. However, thirty percent of the world does not use daylight savings. Most countries below the equator do not follow this because the sunrise and sunset times do not vary. Arizona and Hawaii are the only U.S. States that do not follow daylight savings. Because the sun rises and sets in Hawaii at the same time all year round, they do not need to change their clocks. However, Arizona does not follow daylight savings because of the heat. Chelsea Ritschel states, “Rather than subject citizens to another hour of blistering heat, officials of the state decided to leave the clocks as is – so that citizens wouldn’t lose the early morning hours where the temperatures aren’t as high.”

Some people are still not happy that Arizona doesn’t follow daylight savings, even though it hasn’t been observed for 51 years. Dan Nosowitz states that without daylight savings, “for eight months each year, our days would not be structured to enjoy the most sunlight possible.” In addition to this, with more sunlight comes more safety. A recent study shows that injuries decreased by thirteen percent and robberies decreased by seven percent. 

While there are benefits to having daylight savings, there are many consequences too. When the clock is changed it disrupts sleep, causing more health issues and sleep loss. Research also found that the number of people with headaches rose when the time was changed. Now people have about eight to nine clocks in their house, and it takes a long time to change all the clocks. 

The other states should stop observing daylight savings because of the cost. Many clocks have an auto-change system that switches the time during daylight savings. 437 million dollars are lost nationally each year because of the cost to auto change most clocks. In the year 2007, 147 million dollars were lost from confusion in the airlines.

Daylight savings should stop being observed in all countries across the world. It takes too much time and money to gain one more hour of sunlight. It also causes health problems and sleep loss. No country should change their clocks because it ends up doing more harm than good. 

 

https://www.timeanddate.com/time/dst/daylight-saving-debate.html

https://www.popularmechanics.com/science/environment/a18011/in-defense-of-daylight-saving-time/

https://www.procon.org/headline.php?headlineID=005345

http://theory.stanford.edu/~amitp/rants/daylight-savings-time/

https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/arizona-us-daylight-saving-time-why-hawaii-sunlight-date-when-a8816481.html

https://beatofhawaii.com/why-is-there-no-daylight-savings-in-hawaii/

https://www.sleep.org/articles/does-everyone-observe-daylight-saving/

 

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